'Wheat Belly', 'Grain Brain' 'Cereal Killers' - the latest bestsellers and documentaries certainly aren't singing the praises of this ubiquitous food. The more I delve into the research the more I tend to agree with the titles and the less I believe wheat has any place in a healthful diet. When I say wheat I mean gluten really, foods can be 'wheat free' but still contain gluten. Barley and rye also contain gluten, other grains like oats can be cross-contaminated with gluten and sometimes even non-gluten containing grains can contain other proteins that cause cross reactivity and result in an immune response..
Epigenetics is the study of or the actual influence that occurs to effect a change in a cell which is not a message from our bodies DNA.
It literally means over-genetics.
"stably heritable phenotype resulting from changes in a chromosome without alterations in the DNA sequence"
To make that more digestible here is an imagined example.
Identical twins are separated at birth. They meet again in their fifties. (identical twins have exactly the same DNA)
Twin A was brought up in poverty but had worked as a labourer most of his life while Twin B was brought up in a suburban middle class and has an office job.
Genetic Markers for Bodybuilding
The general strategy adopted by most present-day competitive bodybuilders is to make muscle gains for most of the year (known as the "off-season") and approximately 12–14 weeks from competition attempt to lose body fat also known as the "cutting" phase. If a bodybuilder knew what genes they had it would make this arduous journey to the stage a whole lot easier..
ACTN3, MCT1, HIF1, ADRB2, DIO1-D1a, DIO1-D1b, NOS3, PPARGC1A, ACE, EPOR.
Are these letters and numbers the key to unlocking your athletic potential? Each of the above is a specific gene Genetic Performance detect in their sports-focused DNA tests.
By analysing each of these genes, Genetic Performance can help clients to understand the natural make-up of their body and, ultimately, refine and improve their training programme for their chosen sport.
David Epstein's The Sports Gene has helped to push the area of genetics further into the mainstream, while professional clubs in a range of sports have become open to the idea of testing the DNA of their athletes in order to gain a competitive edge..
Stacy Spector made her mark in 2013 starting at The Gaspari OCP Cape Cod Natural and winning her first Pro card in the figure division qualifying her for the Yorton Cup (toted by many as the worlds most competitive natural physique competitors competition). Stacy new to Figure completions decided to enter for the experience of the competition and walked away with 5th place which included 2 third place judges votes and 1 second place vote.
This was an extremely satisfying finish in only her 3 competition ever and having learned the posing and T walk nuances just a week prior. For icing on the cake Stacy entered a Pro Physique qualifier in Syracuse, NY at The New York State OCB Natural XIII approximate 3 weeks later and won her division getting her second pro card..
Knowing your Genetic Markers can help you in the pursuit of a better workout
To get the best out of a workout there are many factors that play a vital role in the pursuit of optimal results, these can be intrinsic (genetic) and extrinsic (environmental). While some of these can be trained or taught (biomechanical and technical) others are beyond the control of the individual or coach (genetics)..
Athletic success at the highest level is about the integration of many factors: physical, mental, technical, tactical, strategic, genetics and nutrition. Peak performance is therefore the result of the optimal blending and integration of all of these factors.
The requirements for energy nutrients; carbohydrates, fats and protein is high in athletes and our Sports Nutritionist look at each macronutrient and peri-nutrition in respect of maximising performance and aiding recovery. We at GP know that the nutritional requirements of a strength athlete can be very different from that of an endurance athlete as they utilise different energy systems in the body. Vitamins and minerals are also vital for many metabolic processes in the body and are necessary for growth and development, most importantly for athletes perhaps is that they play a key role in reducing oxidative stress brought about by prolonged and intense aerobic exercise.
An exercised body is also more efficient at burning fuel and like any other sports model; the quality of the fuel plays an important role in performance..
Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century and is also one of the largest contributing factors to chronic disease and ill health in the world. In Europe alone obesity rates have tripled since the 1980s and in Ireland over 60% of the population is either overweight or obese. Furthermore weight gain and obesity is now evident in children as young as 3 years of age..
Genetics and Training
The increased attention placed on genetic testing could lead to misunderstandings about designer babies destined to be Olympic gold medallists or Nobel Prize winners. But in reality, there are far more ethical and practical information we can take from the science of DNA to improve individual physical training programs that optimize our natural strengths based. Of course, it is critical to keep in mind that our athletic potential is only achieved through long hours of training and commitment. There's no easy way.
Gaining weight at the gym typically refers to increasing the muscle mass on your body by performing resistance exercises. Some individuals find it easier than others to add additional weight to their bodies, and much depends upon genetics and metabolism. Adding mass is generally achieved by increasing the volume of the muscle cells in the body – a process known as hypertrophy. The right meal plan can provide the body with the optimal level of nutrients and energy to complete a workout and then repairs itself bigger and stronger. The importance of nutrition in the process of gaining weight at the gym cannot be underestimated – the right diet can accelerate progress at a rate of knots, whilst failing to consume the right foods can leave gains stagnant, and the individual frustrated..
Playing a sport can be demanding. Football, rugby, hockey etc. all require consistent short bursts of anaerobic exercise, which can be draining on the body. When playing one of these sports, it is essential to be properly hydrated and fuelled in order to perform at maximum capacity. Each games have their own specific physical requirements i.e. rugby requires more muscle strength and endurance, whereas football combines aerobic and anaerobic exercise for more prolonged periods of time. Ultimately however, they all require high energy levels going into a match and replenishment afterwards..
Research has found that genetics may determine 20-80% of athletic performance and with the completion of the Human Genome Project the link between heredity and performance has been greatly enhanced and a major focal point both for the competitor and the coach in search for potential talent. To put it another way, if you take a random sample of individuals and train them all the same way, you will not end up with everyone on the same level of performance. Clearly, athletes are individuals who inherit the ability to respond well to training..
Watch part of the TV shoot we did with CBS News
When Jenny Burke, a world-class kayaker, sought to adjust her training to boost her performance, she turned to a Genetic Performance. Tom Murphy, the director of Genetic Performance, explains how analyzing Burke's genes could help her focus attention not just on parts of her body, but parts of a race.
Entering a marathon can take some guts, but can turn out to be an extremely rewarding experience. The 26 mile run immediately sticks out as the daunting task to most individuals, with the extensive training required to be in a physical condition able to complete the course, often forgotten. Consuming the right diet when training for, and running a marathon, is absolutely vital for optimal performance. Meals throughout the day need to contain contrasting nutrients in order for the body to be able to fuel, rest and recover most efficiently at different times. Below a more detailed insight into the ideal nutrition schedule for marathon runners, is discussed..
Triathlons have become staple events in the calendar year across the globe. As many of our customers are triathletes we thought we'd have a quick look back at the history of the endurance event.
Unlike the origins of the first Marathon from the ancient Greek legend, taught to schoolchildren across the world, about the messenger who runs from the Battle of Marathon to let Athens know that the Persians have been defeated, triathlons originated in the 20thcentury.
Protein has been a popular nutrient among athletes, recreational exercisers, bodybuilders and other fitness enthusiasts for some time now. High protein diets gained a reputation among sedentary public and fitness enthusiasts for aiding weight loss and gaining muscle mass. It is confirmed that athletes require more protein in their diet compared to sedentary populations however, despite the prevalence of high protein diets in both athletic and sedentary populations, evidence available regarding the type of protein – animal or vegetable – to consume is limited..
We decided to go the Paleo way for 30 days, give it a try, see what all the fuss was about.
So whats Paleo?? Basically its a diet based on meat, fish, nuts, leafy greens, seasonal veggies, seeds and some fruits. So no pasta, rice , wheat, sugar, grains, legumes or pulses. Contrary to belief it is not supposed to be a high protein diet but a moderate protein, high fat, low carb diet. Its a clean unprocessed way of eating.
Here are some observations which we would like to share:.
Importance of Aerobic Fitness Training
Building your aerobic system is vital when you're training for highly anaerobic sports like triathlons or marathons. To develop your aerobic system you want to keep your Heart Rate as slow as possible and not pushing it to its extremes. Developing an aerobic base will help your body with peak fat burn, health and lead to better anaerobic results.
Type in 'endurance athlete' into PubMed, the world's most comprehensive online library of citations to biomedical literature, and you'll find over 4000 peer reviewed scientific publications on the subject. The results cover such topics as proper hydration, the use of carbohydrates in diet and specific genetic factors influencing athletic performance. Filter your search with the addition of 'genetics' and you'll get over 200 jaw-dropping papers on how endurance athletes perform according to their genetic make up..
The Benefits of Strength and Conditioning Programmes.
Whether this Independent.ie reporter will be in the running for the 2016 Olympics or not will soon be revealed.
Irish company Genetic Performance have launched a revolutionary DNA test which helps people discover which sports they are naturally suited to, based on their genetics.
You could have an undiscovered aptitude for the canoe sprint, taekwondo or weight lifting.
Equally, it could be revealed that your genetic makeup means you might never excel at any sport.
On a serious note, no matter what stage of your life you are at, the test will allow you to put an end to the workouts that don't work and find out what type of fitness will best suit your natural abilities..
Genetic Performance uses the latest genetic technology to help identify the most effective way of enhancing performance that appeals across the spectrum of the beginner to the elite athlete. Genetic Performance DNA tests have been specifically designed to analyse the following criteria:.
What is strength and conditioning specialist?
Strength and Conditioning Specialists are professionals who apply scientific knowledge to train athletes for the primary goal of improving athletic performance..
Strength and Conditioning for Tri-Athletes
Rate of force development (ROFD) is probably the most important and under-recognized area of applied science pertaining to strength training and athletics. ROFD essentially refers to the speed at which force can be produced. In terms of swimming, running and cycling, being able to generate force in less time would improve economy of movement and consequently overall performances.
Now there are 2 main solutions to increase rate of force development..
Olympic Winning Families… Nurture and Genetics.
It might be difficult for an individual to imagine that you have athletic or sporting abilities passed down from your parents who did not have an already proven track record.
So let us take a look at some families who have that record.
By all means we are not saying that genetics is completely responsible for the following list because of course a healthy competitive attitude, motivation, professional training at hand, and a history of Olympic medals played their important parts:.
Not all foods are created equal. Natural whole foods originally found in nature contain a wealth of high quality nutrients the human body needs in order to function, carry on metabolic processes, and maintain overall health. Prepackaged, processed, manmade/altered foods can be fortified to replace vital nutrients lost during processing but will never match up to the nutrition found in whole foods; 2 cups of baby spinach contains approximately 20 calories and is chalk full of vitamins, minerals, water, and fiber compared to 2 cups of a typical serving of cereal which may or may not contain a little protein and fat, has been fortified, and is equivalent to about 300-400 calories or more per serving depending on the type of cereal; it very usually contains a high amount of sugars as well. If you are serious about your health which two cups of nutrition would you pick?.
The first documented sporting events were held in Egypt over 4,000 years ago and since then we have not stopped competing.
Track events such as distance running and sprinting were soon flanked with field events like the javelin, discus, long and high jumps etc. since then we have found many ways to compete with, Ironman competitions, desert marathons in multiple places in most countries. World, European and Personal records continue to be broken every day. But our bodies have not evolved that much since those first sports, which begs the question, how can we keep breaking these records?.
Genetic Performance are delighted to be a sponsor at the Vodafone Dublin City Triathlon Ireland’s premier triathlon race.
Training for a Triathlon?
Did you know that your parents dictate your result?
Your genes dictate so much of your athletic ability that knowing your genetic make-up will help you improve your strengths and identify your weaknesses.
Genetic Performance analyses the genes that impact your training such as speed of recovery and risk of injury..
Chasing better performances is the goal of every player and coach in hurling and football and the dynamic fluctuation in training techniques and methods has provided a confused landscape as to which program design will suit both the player and or team? As the pre-season approaches the usual battery of tests are executed to ascertain the player current fitness status but what if a test was available which precedes all tests and the results provide the formulae to design a bespoke training programme guaranteed to improve performance and ultimately success, the answer is Genetic Performance.
Do you know if you have slow or fast twitch muscles?
Are you built for endurance or power?
Your success could depend on the answers to these questions..